25Jun, 2018

Testosterone And Body Fat

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Leptin, insulin, estrogens, androgens, cortisol and growth hormone hormones influence our appetite, metabolism and fat corporal.Las people who are obese have levels of hormones that promote the accumulation of body fat. Hormones are chemical messengers that regulate metabolic processes in the body. They are one factor in causing obesity. The hormones leptin and insulin, sex hormones, cortisol and growth hormone influence appetite, metabolism (the rate at which our body burns calories for energy), and the distribution of body fat. People who are obese have lower levels of these hormones that […]
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25Jun, 2018

Non-functioning pituitary tumors:

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– DEFINITION They are pituitary adenomas that do not secrete any excess pituitary hormone. The etiology of these tumors remains unclear, although most of these are possibly derived from a cellular mutation with the consequent monoclonal expansion. Possible manifestations due to tumor growth: Compression of normal pituitary tissue, Pituitary adenomas account for at least 10-15% of primary intracranial neoplasms Non-functioning pituitary adenomas (AHNF) represent 14-28% of all clinically relevant pituitary adenomas and half of all pituitary macroadenomas. They are a heterogeneous group of tumors with clinical and biochemical characteristics different […]
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25Jun, 2018

The New Antidepressants and Sexual Dysfunction

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-MECHANISMS OF ANTIDEPRESSIVE ACTION The several dozen antidepressant drugs can be classified according to 10 mechanisms of action, two classic types: tricyclic and inhibitors of monoamine oxidase (MAOI) with the old irreversible subtype, and 8 new ones, of which the best known are the selective inhibitors of the serotonin reuptake (SSRI), another new serotonin receptor agonist and a recent one that is a stimulator (agonist) of the melatonin system. Classical antidepressants dominated the psychopharmacological treatment of depression from the late 1950s to the late 1980s, when SSRIs appeared. Traditional drugs […]
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25Jun, 2018

Gender Dysphoria

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CONSENSUS DOCUMENT: Clinical practice guidelines for the assessment and treatment of transsexuality. Group Identity and Sexual Differentiation SEEN (GIDSEEN) * (Annex 1) The diagnostic and therapeutic approach transsexual patients can only develop into functional units Gender Identity, with the provision of high quality healthcare services, development of clinical practice guidelines and interdisciplinary working groups. The therapeutic process: The therapeutic process consists of 3 pillars: Psychological initial diagnostic assessment and psychotherapy, endocrinological evaluation and hormonal therapy and sex reassignment surgeries. Hormonal treatment crossover is an important process anatomical and psychological transition […]
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9Jun, 2018

What are androgens?

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Androgens are male sex hormones: testosterone, androsterone and androstenedione. Androgens are steroid hormones of cyclopentaneperhydrophenanthrene, whose main function is to stimulate the development of male sexual characteristics. Androgens, basically testosterone, are secreted by the testes, but also by the ovaries in women (androstenedione) and by the adrenal cortex of the adrenal glands (mainly dihydroepiandrosterone). In man only 10% of androgens have an adrenal origin. All natural androgens come from androstane steroids (a tetracyclic hydrocarbon nucleus of 19 carbon atoms). It is also the precursor of all estrogens, the female sex […]
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9Jun, 2018

Considerations to take into account in obesity

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A series of attitudes must be modified that will result in a change in the patient’s lifestyle, when faced with obesity, to achieve the desired goals, as well as to modify the lifestyle of the obese, so that once the goal of losing weight has been achieved, there are no continuous relapses, which lead us to the same starting point, or in the worst case, the situation becomes chronic. As can be observed in the same, the Treatment Program, is based on five basic principles: Education, Motivation, Irrational Thoughts, Exercise […]
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9Jun, 2018

Thyroid nodule an update

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Thyroid nodules can be classified: -By number: Unique: it is considered a solitary nodule, or only, when a meticulous palpation does not reveal the existence of other thyroid nodules. Its clinical significance lies in the possible existence of thyroid cancer, which occurs in 5% of solitary nodules.If we take into account that more than 50% of the adult population can have a thyroid nodule and the possibility of it being malignant is around 5%, the risk is low. Multiple: mostly associated with Multinodular Goiter -By functional activity: Determined by the […]
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